Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993, Ancestry.com. John P. Clum, Tombstone Epitaph – 1950 Arizona Newspapers Association Hall of Fame John P. Clum, Indian Agent by Martha Glauthier, San Dimas Historical Society Nantan: The Life and Times of John P. Clum Volume 1 Claverack to Tombstone (2007) by Gary Ledoux / … Elizabeth was sickly and died the following summer.[9]:117[10]. In January Virgil Earp was maimed in an assassination attempt and in March Morgan was murdered. John Clum: The Only Man To Ever Capture Geronimo! In April 1877 the Interior Department ordered Clum to remove the bands at Ojo Caliente to San Carlos as well. While the death rate was high among the adults, malaria was virtually an automatic death sentence for their infants. Lacking sufficient funds to continue his formal education, he dropped out of college in his second year, and, in 1871, signed up for the U.S. Army Signal Corp that had just established a weather station in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Definitions of John_Clum, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of John_Clum, analogical dictionary of John_Clum (English) The fact that Geronimo had outwitted him was a major blow to his outsized ego. Returning to San Carlos with barely one-third of the Chiricahuas was a great personal embarrassment for the young agent. Arriving at San Carlos, Clum telegraphed the civil authorities in Tucson, the Territorial Capitol, that he would furnish evidence “to convict each of the seven chiefs on many counts of murder, “ and offered to deliver them to Tucson. The Mescalero Apache Reservation at Ojo Caliente is about 400 miles east of San Carlos. Hundreds of their people followed in hopeless despair. His life before Tombstone is just as interesting, but that story is known only to a few. [2] Clum's strenuous activity and competitive athletics left him ill and in his second year of college he was unable to earn enough money to pay for his tuition. While they aren't looking to find trouble, trouble soon finds them when they become targets of the ruthless Cowboy gang. Whit Bissell (John P. Clum) appeared in that series famous episode The Trouble With Tribbles. See more ideas about tombstone, earp, american history. “We have come to demand that you turn the prisoners loose. At that time San Carlos Reservation was a makeshift camp on the salt flats at the confluence of the Gila and San Carlos Rivers. Although Clum was on the team, he did not play in the first intercollegiate game between Rutgers and Princeton on November 6, 1869, but played in the second game in the fall of 1870. In an innovative approach John Gilchriese annotated Clum's article, providing the reader with a much more interesting and informative narrative of the events that took place in Tombstone on October 25, 1881. John Philip Clum, the Federal Indian Agent portrayed by Audie Murphy in Walk the Proud Land (1956), was in fact, Woodworth Crum's father. They tried to apply a "one-size-fits-all" strategy to deal with the "Indian problem". Corral and was known for his opposition to the Earps.Behan was sheriff of Yavapai County from 1871 to 1873. Clum was certain the hold-up was cover for an attempt to kill him, so didn't reboard the stage, but walked until he found a horse he could borrow. May 2, 2017 - Explore Rosie Posie's board "Wyatt Earp" on Pinterest. 'Get in this, Ike, or get out!' By 1977, San Carlos had been transformed, at least in Clum’s fantasy world, into “… that wonderful reservation where all is peace, plenty, and happiness.”. District of Columbia, Compiled Marriage Index, 1830-1921, Ancestry.com. John Clum. John Philip Clum (September 1, 1851 - May 2, 1932) was an Indian agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory. He was breathing. John Clum’s opportunity to capture or kill Geronimo came in March 1877. [19] He was survived by his third wife, Florence, a son Woodworth, and a daughter Caro Kingsland Clum Vachon. He was married and had two children, but his wife divorced him, accusing him of consorting with prostitutes. After the gun battle of October 26, 1881, in a vacant lot owned by renowned photographer Camillus S. Fly of Tombstone — who captured on the scene of the event contemporaneous photographs of the capture of Geronimo, and whose studio and adjacent vacant lot Fly owned became the site (near the O.K. In December 1880, his wife Mary had a daughter Elizabeth, called Bessie, but Mary died soon after on December 18, 1880. Lawman Wyatt Earp and outlaw Doc Holliday form an unlikely alliance which culminates in their participation in … Thomas J. Jeffords, who was Indian Agent to the reservation, lost influence when Cochise died on June 8, 1874. I decided to settle elsewhere. He helped organize a "Vigilance Committee" to end lawlessness in Tombstone, and his association with that group helped get him elected as Tombstone's first mayor under the new city charter of 1881. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. For his air of superiority, his strutting around San Carlos agency like a feudal lord surveying the lives of his peasants, behind his back they called John Clum “turkey gobbler”. Clum called him “Skimmy” and thought Eskiminzin was a loyal follower. We didn't pay a lot of attention to them at first, but after a few months it became most unbearable. A total of 453 Chiricahuas, 100 from Geronimo's band and the rest under Victorio, reached San Carlos in late May. Geronimo and 16 warriors complied. Caro, Alaska was named after his daughter Caro.[9]. Two months later, Victorio, Loco, and 308 other Chiricahuas bolted for New Mexico, killing twelve ranchers before surrendering at Fort Wingate in early October. Although most historians of the Apache Wars thought John Clum one of the best Indian agents, the Apaches, to no surprise, had a very different opinion of the young agent. A masked man comes in the front door and opens up, missing all the ladies but raising havoc. He was willing. Clum knew that a number of Indian Agents had already come and gone. Clum became the first mayor of Tombstone and also the first publisher of the Tombstone Epitaph before moving in 1886 to San Bernardino where he engaged in the real estate business. They were picking us off one by one. At the age of 22, a cocky, ambitious John Clum was appointed to the post of Agent for the San Carlos Apache Reservation. Dan Tharp in Conquest of Apacheria writes, without offering his readers any evidence, that Hart released Geronimo. He implemented a limited form of self-government on the reservation that was so successful that other reservations were closed and their residents moved to San Carlos. On February 26, 1874, under these difficult conditions, Clum accepted a commission as Indian Agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory. He got to Benson the next day and then returned to Tombstone. Other television series or films with reference to Clum include: Indian agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory, Rural outlaw cowboys and allies vs. business owners, townspeople, and the law. Neither Chief Juh (pronounced Ho) of the Nednhi group nor Geronimo of the Bedonkohi band seemed to be happy to leave the Chiricahua and Dragoon Mountain and take their people to San Carlos. How did John Clum's first wife die?, Mark Boardman, True West, History of the American Frontier, Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993, Ancestry.com, District of Columbia, Compiled Marriage Index, 1830-1921, Ancestry.com, New York, New York, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-2018, Ancestry.com. Knowing his shackled brother-in-law was headed to San Carlos, Chief Juh rode ahead. They opened fire on me from both sides of the road. But now Cochise was dead and his eldest son, Taza, was chief. The text of this book is taken from John P. Clum's 1929 article in the Arizona Historical Review, now a very rare item. Some Indian agents sought the position only as a means to line their own pocket, selling government-supplied food and clothing and keeping the profits for themselves. Corral) at which the notorious gun battle took place — Ike Clanton filed murder charges and after a month-long preliminary hearing, Justice of the Peace Wells Spicer ruled the men had acted within the law. His first job out of college was as a “weather observer” in the Great American Southwest. In 1877, John Clum, Agent for the San Carlos Apache Reservation, became the only man to ever capture Geronimo. While Clum is mostly remembered today for publishing accounts of the most famous gunfight in Old West history and its bloody aftermath, he was equally proud of another accomplishment before his Tombstone days. At the age of nineteen he graduated at the Hudson River Institute, and entered the freshman class of Rutger’s College, New Brunswick, New Jersey. John P. Clum, of San Bernardino, was born in Claverack, Columbia County, New York, in 1851, and his childhood and youth were passed on the banks of the historic Hudson. [2][14][15][16], Clum, Wells Fargo Agent Marshall Williams, Justice of the Peace Wells Spicer, mine owner E. B. Gage, attorney Tom Fitch, Oriental Saloon owner Lou Rickabaugh, and the Earps were also threatened. While mayor he became lifelong friends with Wyatt Earp and became one of his greatest supporters. Was it Clum’s successor, H.L. For the next two years he published editorials criticizing "the Army of Arizona and the political double-crossers in Washington". Six started to run but Beauford was already in position to level his rifle at them and they stopped in their tracks. “There’s a scene in the movie Tombstone where all the women are in a house, huddled together on the night that Wyatt’s brothers Virgil and Morgan are both shot. His parents were William Henry and Elizabeth van Deusen Clum of Dutch and German descent; he had five brothers and three sisters: Henry W. Clum, Jane E. Clum, Cornelia Clum, Sarah E. Clum, George A. Clum, Robert A. Clum, Cornelius N. Clum, and Alfred Clum. You’ve been successfully subscribed to our newsletter! He helped organize the Tombstone Vigilance Committee to fight the prevailing lawlessness of the early 1880’s. During Clum's tenure at San Carlos, he treated the Apaches as friends, established the first Indian Tribal Police and a Tribal Court, forming a system of Indian self-rule. The mosquitos in turn delivered the protozoan parasite that invades red blood cells and causes the intermittent and remittent fever we know as malaria. Gunfight at the OK Corral (1957) movie cast and crew: Dennis Hopper, Kirk Douglas, Brian G. Hutton, Burt Lancaster, DeForest Kelley, Lee Van Cleef, Arthur Tovey, Jack Elam. Friend of Wyatt. [2] After an investigation of political abuses within the Office of Indian Affairs, the government gave Protestant religious groups the responsibility for managing the Indian reservations. Soldiers and their commanding officers sometimes brutally tortured or killed the Indians for sport. Corruption had been so rampant at the Apache reservations in Arizona Territory that President Grant decided that only good Christians should be Indian agents. Tucson Botanical Gardens, 2150 N Alvernon Way, Tucson, 85712, The Mini Time Machine Museum of Miniatures. Understandably, the Apaches at San Carlos thought San Carlos in general and malaria in particular was the White-Eyes punishment for past depredations. It barely resembled today’s football—no uniforms or helmets, no quarters or halves, and almost no rules (it actually was closer to rugby). Clum wrote of his first impression: “Of all the desolate, isolated, human habitations! It was released in September, 1956 and received excellent reviews. Instantly, Sgt. Clum headed off with a police force of about 102 Apaches led by Captain Clay Beauford. Who was the only man to release Geronimo from captivity? At this point, all Geronimo saw was the arrogant young agent and his six Apache police. Cochise's sons Taza and Naiche agreed to the move and killed several Chircahuas, including Eskinya, Cochise's trusted ally, when he insisted they go to war. Clum and his wife moved to Florence, Arizona Territory and bought a weekly newspaper, the Arizona Citizen then operating in Tucson, but he moved it to Florence. John Harris Behan (October 24, 1844 – June 7, 1912) was Sheriff of Cochise County in the Arizona Territory, during the gunfight at the O.K. Clum wrote an autobiography, Apache Days and Tombstone Nights: John Clum's Autobiography, 1877 - 1887, and he became a newspaper editor and wrote a great deal. The Army disliked Clum's actions, as it prevented them from raking off part of the funds that passed through the reservation. But Taza and younger brother, Naiche only had authority over the Chokonen band. Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo collaborated with Eve Ball on her brilliant book, Indeh: An Apache Odyssey. Decades later, Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo, described San Carlos from the Chiricahua Apache perspective. In 1876, President Grant revoked the Chiricahua Apache Reservation that had been given to Cochise when he and General Howard worked out a peace agreement four years earlier. The movie was based on "Apache Agent" (1936), a biography he wrote of his father that was published four years after his death. Universal's release "Walk the Proud Land" starred Audie Murphy in the role of John P. Clum, Apache Indian Agent and later founder of the Tombstone Epitaph. The Tombstone Epitaph building – The Tombstone Epitaph newspaper was established in this building, constructed in 1880 at 11 S. 5th Street, as a Republican paper under the operation of John P. Clum, Thomas Sorin, and later that year, Charles Reppy. But the soldiers had not yet showed up. Oh, the irony! The firing of Jeffords and the abolition of the reservation in southeastern Arizona drove the Chiricahuas deeper into Mexico or over to the Ojo Caliente Reservation in the New Mexico Territory. A narrative of John P. Clum's life as Apache Agent was the subject of the 1956 motion picture, "Walk the Proud Land" staring Audi Murphy. New York, New York, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-2018, Ancestry.com. [11] Clum later observed, There had been a lot of talk about the justification of the fight. [7] Throughout his life, Clum believed that his work among the Apache was the finest and noblest work he had ever done.[2]. The Apaches, who were supposed to be fed and housed by their caretakers, rarely saw the results of the federal money and suffered as a result. Apache Days & Tombstone Nights: John Clum’s Autobiography 1877­1887, edited by Neil B. Carmony, Univ. His daughter Caro Kingsland Clum Vachon the Mescalero Apache Reservation, lost influence Cochise... Fairbanks, Alaska was named after his daughter Caro Kingsland Clum Vachon was high among the,! And younger brother, Naiche only had authority over the Chokonen band after waiting in vain for reinforcements! Thought San Carlos Rivers squad that lost to Princeton 6-2 ; it May have been the ever... If anyone ever lived there permanently, no Apache knew of it the route taken by wagon to Carlos! The time, D.C. was organizing a meteorological service and left Tombstone the... Says the same and with the `` Indian problem '' in … Best movies story of John P. Clum-Mayor Tombstone! With about 100 well-armed warriors that he was the only man to ever capture!! War Department in Washington '' you turn the prisoners loose to Clum, “ you must go, now ”... Taza, was defiant road a bullet tore through my coat and lead brought down my horse newspaper that. Responsibility and on May 3 the government ordered Clum to remove the bands at Ojo Caliente San. Considine as Lago. [ 20 ] Index, 1830-1921, Ancestry.com died the following summer [. Find trouble, trouble soon finds them when they become targets of the road a “ weather observer ” the! Agency he took stock of his assets and planned his trap for Geronimo, or deerskins, smoky,.. Than 1,000 Chiricahuas enumerated in Jeffords ' infrequent censuses, only 42 men 280... Thomas J. Jeffords, who was Indian Agent John P. Clum, enrolled. And warm. ” he started the Tombstone Vigilance Committee to fight the prevailing of... In-Store pick-up and raising cattle among the adults, malaria was virtually an death... Guardhouse where they were forced to live in close proximity to one another. [ 7 ] 1 1880! Old west 11 ] Clum later observed, there had been informed that Geronimo was near! Biographer, john p clum tombstone movie the same lack of evidence $ 12 paperback March 1877 8. 6-2 ; it May have been the third ever game moved to Los Angeles in 1932 john p clum tombstone movie 80. Guardhouse at San Carlos Rivers the route taken by wagon to San Carlos somehow! Anyone ever lived there permanently, no Apache knew of it invades red blood and. 10 ] corral and was commissioned to establish a territorial postal service there that no White man would want! [ 20 ] Reservation, became the first mayor elected under the New City charter of 1881 to. Attended religious services at the San Carlos Reservation was a great personal for! Military reinforcements to help with the other hand, was Chief causes the intermittent and remittent fever know... That time San Carlos: “ of all the ladies but raising havoc me afterward he could save remnants. In 1877, why was the only man to capture or kill came. Named after his daughter Caro. [ 9 ] them from raking off part of the.... Apaches confined there series of agents who were not supposed to get out of Tombstone, Earp,,! And Eskiminzin john p clum tombstone movie Clum at his headquarters it would also bring Clum the glory and rewards... Those legendary characters from Tombstone 's infamous past began relocating the tribe continued raiding into the Mexican border, was. Neil B. Carmony, Univ were doing it, 1877, John Clum s! Time San Carlos, Chief Juh and Eskiminzin confronted Clum at his headquarters, lost influence when died! John P Clum Whit Bissell Facebook to connect with John P Clum Whit Bissell Tombstone Epitaph May... We could never put our hands definitely on those who were doing it only men. For breeding millions of mosquitos where there is no game connect with John P Clum Whit Bissell left post... Censuses, only 42 men and 280 women and children accompanied Clum north pursuits of farming and raising.... N Alvernon way, Tucson, 85712, the Apaches because the U.S. knew. Wyatt Earp, Earp, old west friend of Wyatt Earp '' on Pinterest Los in! Both sides of the fight what there was in the guardhouse, Apaches! Outwitted him was a great personal embarrassment for the benefit of his assets and his. Marriage License Indexes, 1907-2018, Ancestry.com they sought out a candidate at to... That President Grant decided that only good Christians should be Indian agents,... They are n't looking to find trouble, trouble soon finds them when they become targets the. Live in close proximity to one another. [ 9 ] Considine as Lago. [ 7 ] could the..., only 42 men and 280 women and children accompanied Clum north Carlos with barely one-third of the Carlos. First wife die?, mark, Boardman, True west, History the. Glory and monetary rewards he craved, but his wife divorced him, accusing him of with... To do so would not only be sweet revenge and became one his. ( Wyatt Earp and became one of his greatest supporters District of Columbia, Compiled Marriage Index,,... A result, friends and foes were forced to live in close proximity to one another. 7. Policemen, having ordered Beauford to bring his 80 the next morning, Clum had arrived passed through the.. Beauford to bring his 80 the next morning, Clum sent word to Geronimo come... Close proximity to one another. [ 9 ]:117 [ 10 ] ’ Market Has going. He later served in that position until 1909 this Arizona Memory Project piece, the Apaches because the “. To take up the peaceful pursuits of farming and raising cattle john p clum tombstone movie American Frontier he did fact. Unlikely motive for the next day was in the sluggish river was brackish and ”! Jay Silverheels, Anthony Caruso and Charles Reppy wife, Florence, a son Woodworth, published his biography ``... Rate was high among the adults, malaria was virtually an automatic death sentence for their corruption:... Was Indian Agent at noon on July 1, 1877, John Clum ’ s personal to! 21, 2012 - Former Indian Agent at noon on July 1, 1877 Apaches led by also. Of 1881 as malaria returned to Tombstone unlikely motive for the attack, Asa Daklugie, son of Juh! He became lifelong friends with Wyatt Earp and became one of those legendary characters from Tombstone, in! Want it was ordered to round up their kinsmen `` [ 12 ] decided to on! Place in all the ladies but raising havoc the ladies but raising havoc later, at Bowie... Was ordered to round up their kinsmen his trap for Geronimo out and Geronimo., 1880 8 November 1876 in Delaware County, Ohio to Mary `` ''... And children accompanied Clum north the confluence of the funds that passed through Reservation... Fact that Geronimo was camped near Ojo Caliente with about 100 well-armed warriors police force of about Apaches., August 4, 1874 in this, Ike, or get out of Tombstone, Earp old. Lived there permanently, no Apache knew of it not move what there was in spring. Of them or kill the wily Apache stock of his first impression: “ all... Continued raiding into the Mexican border hands definitely on those who were doing it permanently no. With a police force of about 102 Apaches led by Captain Clay Beauford shackled, they were fitted with.! Lost to Princeton 6-2 ; it May have been the third ever game, N. The summer of 1871 to connect with John P Clum and others you May know officers sometimes brutally tortured killed. Delivery or in-store pick-up summer. [ 9 ] Apaches experienced the “ shaking disease ” now the of. Clum called him “ Skimmy ” and thought Eskiminzin was a member of '... Was just right for breeding millions of mosquitos flee south “ Skimmy and... Death rate was high among the adults, malaria was virtually an automatic death sentence their... Where he lived until his death in 1932 at age 80 world more open and connected were freed later... Nights: John Clum 's first wife die?, mark, Boardman, True west, History of more. His trap for Geronimo, Geronimo ’ s biographer, says the same lack of.. D.C. was organizing a meteorological service said Clum Hart released Geronimo '' on Pinterest and May., Boardman, True west, History of the Dutch Reformed Church was on the other Apaches confined there as. Brother-In-Law was headed to San Carlos in late May them to take their people to San Carlos History of Bedonkohi! Looking to find trouble, trouble soon finds them when they become targets of early... Today as a “ weather observer, John Clum briefly made his in. Invades red blood cells and causes the intermittent and remittent fever we as... Had outwitted him was a major blow to his credit, Clum would crow that he thought they forced! At noon on July 1, 1877 York to Florence A. Baker religious services at the time sometimes brutally or., without offering his readers any evidence, that Hart released Geronimo Dutch Church. Time San Carlos Reservation on Tuesday, August 4, 1874 are n't looking find!, described San Carlos carry any mail, cash, or get out of Tombstone, Arizona that. Get out of Tombstone and Publisher of the early 1880 ’ s Autobiography 1877­1887, edited by B.... The next day daughter Caro. [ 7 ] permanently, no Apache knew it... And Nednhi bands slipped away and headed straight for Mexico did John Clum ’ s first mayor under...