The legend proposed that Lucius Verus — a Roman general and later the co-emperor to Marcus Aurelius — opened a tomb during the siege of Seleucia and unwittingly liberated the disease. The three greatest plagues were Antonine Plague, due to the name of the Roman emperor in power at the time, 165–180AD, which had a mortality rate of about 30% of population Europe, Western Asia, Northern Africa. Plague-ridden fleas hitched a ride on the black rats that snac… The Antonine Plague of 165 to 180 AD, also known as the Plague of Galen (after Galen, the physician who described it), was an ancient pandemic brought to the Roman Empire by troops who were returning from campaigns in the Near East. It struck the Roman Empire during the co-rule of Marcus Aurelius (r. 161-180 CE) and Nearly 10 percent of the total Roman population had perished by the time the plague was over. What were the symptoms of the Antonine Plague? Nearly ten percent of the empire perished this way. The Plague of Justinian or Justinianic Plague (541–549 AD) was the beginning of the first plague pandemic, the first Old World pandemic of plague, the contagious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. Even so, you don’t need me to tell you that disease is bad, nor that epidemics in the past were worse As people from high classes fell to lower ones, the nation experienced collective anxiety about their own stations. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal It is hard to say which disease the Antonine Plague really was. Floundering trade meant fewer taxes to support the state. In AD 165 a plague hit the Roman Empire which by AD 180 had killed thirty percent of the population. Wikimedia CommonsGalen (top center) and a group of physicians in an image from the sixth-century Greek-Byzantine medical manuscript, Vienna Dioscurides. Around 165 CE, a mysterious disease broke out across the Roman Empire. Become a Study.com member to unlock this “In those places where it was not ulcerated, the exanthem was rough and scabby and fell away like some husk and hence all became healthy,” M.L. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Others died within two weeks of first presenting symptoms. Galen (top center) and a group of physicians in an image from the sixth-century Greek-Byzantine medical manuscript, Vienna Dioscurides. Though modern epidemiologists haven’t identified where the plague originated, it is believed that the disease likely developed first in China and was then carried throughout Euroasia by the Roman troops. His treatise, Methodus Medendi, described the pandemic as great, lengthy, and extraordinarily distressing. 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Plague is a serious bacterial infection that's transmitted primarily by fleas. When the army was short on recruits, he conscripted gladiators. One plague, the Antonine Plague, occurred from around 165 A.D. to around 180 A.D. Galen fi rst encountered the plague at Aquileia in northern Italy, where he had been summoned by the emperors to treat the army that was being gathered for a campaign in the north. By the end of the outbreak in 180 A.D., close to a third of the empire in some areas, and a total of five million people, had died. Believed to have emerged in … “The plague descended as never before…we survived with difficulty over a long time, and many died”, he wrote. Two historic plagues ravaged the Roman Empire: the Antonine Plague (165-180 A.D.) and the Cyprian Plague (249-262 A.D.). The disease was first cited during the reign of the last of the Five Good Emperors, Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, in 165 or 166 A.D. According to Wendy Orent, author of Plague, the disease spread in two … The Antonine Plague, as it came to be known, would reach every corner of the empire and is what most likely claimed the life of Lucius Verrus himself in 169—and possibly that of his co-emperor Marcus Aurelius in 180. Others experienced red and black papules on the skin, foul breath, and black diarrhea. This Roman coin commemorated the victories of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus during the Marcomannic Wars, which lasted from 166 to 180 A.D. — the year he died. The plague of Athens from 430 to 426 BC, Antonine Plague in Italian peninsula from 165 to 180 AD and Plague of Justinian in the Mediterranean area from 541 to 750 AD are a few of the earliest pandemic illnesses reported across answer! The Black Death was an infamous plague causing an estimated 20 million deaths in Europe. How many people did Antonine Plague kill? The type of In the next 3 years, most of the population was infected, and perhaps as many as 75,000 to 100,000 Wikimedia CommonsAn 1820 portrait of Galen, the Greek physician who documented the Antonine Plague. 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