Since Isaac was 37 at his mother’s death, he was 37 when Rebekah was born. This fact that Isaac was sacrificed in his 30s is well attested by nearly all ancient sources and Rabbis . All agree that Sarah was Isaac’s mother and that she was ten years younger than Abraham (Gen 16:16; Jub 15:17), so Sarah was ninety in the year Isaac was born. In Jose ben Zimra’s opinion, the ‘aḳedah took place immediately after Isaac’s weaning. THIS, ISAAC WOULD HAVE BEEN 37 at the time of her death. 2. Buber). The fact that he had saved the king’s life became the immediate cause of Mordechai’s rise in the king’s esteem. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah’s tent. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! 1; Jas 21:1; Jub 15:17). Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son.”, 13 Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram[a] caught by its horns. (Coffman’s Commentaries on the Bible, Genesis 22:5-6 – online source). thank you for sharing, however i disagree with the described timeline presented, that rebekah was only 3 years old when she married isaac. Which is that? 63 Isaac went out in the evening to walk  in the field; and looking up, he saw camels coming. But I have one simple question, if Rebekah was 3 years older how can she draw water for all camels isn’t it hard for 3 years old girl to do that. I wish all those Christians who make the issue of Muhammad (saw) and Aisha (RA) could read this so they would making this a controversy. Rebecca was born straight after Isaac and Abraham, came down from the Mount Moriah and they went to Beersheba. Which is that? ).” Jewish Encycl. If we use Occam’s Razor, then the one we should go with is 14 as that has the least amount of assumptions. 20 And she hasted, and emptied her pitcher into the trough, and ran again unto the well to draw [water], and drew for all his camels. If, after having had time to digest the implications of what had been asked of him, Avraham proceeded without hesitating, this is even more to his credit. My my, it must have been exciting for Abraham to learn of all 13 births happening in one single day! 11 But the angel of the Lord called out to him from heaven, “Abraham! Daniel // a female child to marriage when she was young and the man had to wait for her to get to puberty, was not and is not a practice in isreal and the Christendom //. Isaac’s birth required a miracle (see Genesis 11:30; 17:15-22), as did Jesus’ (see Luke 1:26-38). 3. This might be the case here. These assumptions are tradition. So Rebekah covered herself. 4. Abraham took the wood, and laid it upon Isaac— Hence it appears, among other circumstances, that Isaac must have been full-grown at this time. —The faith and hope of Abraham, stood on two immutable things - the promise of Christ and the oath that confirmed it. So she took her veil and covered herself. Genesis 24:55 But her brother and her mother replied, ‘Let the young woman remain with us ten days or so; then you[e] may go.’, 56 But he said to them, ‘Do not detain me, now that the Lord has granted success to my journey. He married Rebekah. And the Angel of the Lord called to him, &c.”, “According to Jose ben Zimra, the idea of tempting Abraham was suggested by Satan who said, ‘Lord of the Universe! And who came after this sphere? Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you.”, 3 Early the next morning Abraham got up and loaded his donkey. But she is described as a damsel, not a toddler, or child. Joseph Ibn Kaspi (1280 Arles—1345 Majorca): 19 And when she had done giving him drink, she said, I will draw [water] for thy camels also, until they have done drinking. By deducting these 37 years from his birth year (deducting and not adding, because this plays in the BC period, the exact time of the scene at the alter computes to be 1941 – 37 = 1904. 12 “Do not lay a hand on the boy,” he said. As a Christian, I completely agree with you. the dispersion of the peoples]. It tells you to go by Abraham's age. 17 And the servant ran to meet her, and said, Let me, I pray thee, drink a little water of thy pitcher. Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. In the midrashic telling, Rebekah was born at the same time that Isaac, who was then twenty-six years old, was bound on the altar (Seder Olam Rabbah 1). Through the whole lovely story in Genesis 24, Rebekah is pictured as a young woman fully aware of what was happening, and quite willing to accept this life-changing opportunity. XXVII. “1. Rebekah was surely not 3 years old when chosen as a wife for Isaac. America’s Child-Marriage Problem (NYTimes.com), CHILD MARRIAGE IN AMERICA: (tahirih.org, 1, 2, 3. THAT’S THE COMPLETE STORY YOU WERE MISSING!! As Moses said: ‘I am not a man of devarim’ (Exodus 4:10). ( Log Out / At that time Avraham had correctly assumed that he was to set out in the direction of the Land of Canaan. 64–65). And Isaac answered and said to his father, Bind me properly, lest I tremble from the affliction of my soul, and be cast into the pit of destruction, and there be found profaneness in thy offering. Check please This article says Isaac and Rebecca waited 10 years to have children after getting married because she was too young, after that they waited another 10 years until G-d answered their prayers so she got pregnant and it also states that Rebecca was 23 when she gave birth. That is the precise start year for the “about 450 years” countdown. Once Rebekah learns Isaac’s identity, she veils her face (a symbol of betrothal in that era; vv. In some ways, our marriage to Christ is something like Rebekah’s marriage to Isaac (Genesis 24), and Rachel’s marriage to Jacob (Genesis 29). I. Epstein, B. International Standard Version Later, Isaac brought Rebekah into the tent that had belonged to his mother Sarah and married her. 8. 2 Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Peace and Blessings. I love this writeup. While I have no doubt that Rebecca was relatively young when she married Isaac by today’s standards, she can’t have been 3. The merits of Isaac’s submission were regarded as abounding to the credit of the whole race; e.g. This would make Isaac THIRTY-SEVEN at her death… It is more credible and very much less shocking to imagine a man in his thirties voluntarily submitting to be sacrificing than a mere boy or adolescent teenager.” (Political Themes in the Hebrew Scriptures [Palgrave Macmillan, 2010] by Jules Gleicher, page 41 – 42). [d] I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. She was so young that she needed a nursing woman with her when she was married off: “Then they said, “Let’s call the young woman and ask her about it.” 58 So they called Rebekah and asked her, “Will you go with this man?” “I will go,” she said. So what is the significance of Isaac’s age at the time of his sacrifice? jesus never did any of this shit . He was 85 when he heard of Rebecca's birth. 2 She died at Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan, and Abraham went to mourn for Sarah and to weep over her.” – Genesis 23:1-2 (NIV). Read this for more details. Sarah was ninety years old when she miraculously gave birth to Isaac (Gen. 17:17). Abraham took the wood, and laid it upon Isaac— Hence it appears, among other circumstances, that Isaac must have been full-grown at this time. so its kinda stupid to compare them. Since that is the case, this would mean Rebecca, was married off when she was 3 … “Abraham takes Isaac, his only begotten son, up upon Mount Moriah, there to sacrifice him at the Lord’s command; and Isaac, reputed by Jewish tradition to be thirty-seven years of age at the time, submits willingly to his father’s will-all as ‘a similitude of God and his Only Begotten Son’ [Jacob 4:5] (The Mortal Messiah, by Bruce R. McConkie Volume 1, page 364). When Abraham told his servant, under oath, to find a wife for Isaac, the stipulation was that "If the woman is not willing to follow you, you will be free from this my oath" (Genesis 24:8). And by your very reasoning, or rather lack of reasoning thereof, Uz the firstborn, Buz his brother, Kemuel (the father of Aram), Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph and Bethuel, Tebah, Gaham, Tahash and Maakah were all born on that very day! Similarly, if the king had rewarded Mordechai for his part in discovering the plot immediately, history might have taken a different course. Isaac was born 15 years later. No timeline is actually specified in sheer biblical terms. 8 Abraham answered, “God himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” And the two of them went on together. Now the eyes of Abraham looked on the eyes of Isaac; but the eyes of Isaac looked towards the angels on high, and Isaac beheld them, but Abraham saw them not. Ed.] Rashi’s commentary on Genesis 25:20 says: forty years old: For when Abraham came from Mount Moriah, he was informed that Rebecca had been born. “ויהי אחר הדברים האלה, whenever we find the construction אחר הדברים האלה what follows is conceptually immediately following what has been reported immediately before. Since that is the case, this would mean Rebecca, was married off when she was 3 (or 4) years old. www.simplybible.com Copyright © Ron Graham 2008, "the word of God is invalidated for the sake of tradition", "If the woman is not willing to follow you, you will be free from this my oath", "And they said, 'We will call the girl and ask her to speak her wishes by her own mouth'. In Jose ben Zimra’s opinion, the ‘aḳedah took place immediately after Isaac’s weaning. D. This important parallel is often overlooked. Please remove this theory from your post: >An alternative in understanding this marriage without discarding and rejecting the Genesis account: There is a way (maybe) to understand this marriage, without it being as controversial as it seems. By just deducting the 90 from the 127, the correct age of 37 years for Isaac on the alter is found. Notice also that her mother and brother ask her whether or not she wants to go away with a bunch of strangers to marry some dude she’s never met. 18 And she said, Drink, my lord: and she hasted, and let down her pitcher upon her hand, and gave him drink. [New-YorkL Published By T. Mason & G. Lane, For The Methodist Episcopal Church, At The Conference Office, 200 Mulberry-Street. I think should at least include these elements in your comment because right now, it really looks you suddenly backtrack in the last paragraph, even though there is no reason to do so. Her age at death is readily found in the Bible: she passed away at the age of 127 years (Gen 23:1). 17 Abraham fell facedown; he laughed and said to himself, “Will a son be born to a man a hundred years old? HE WAITED FOR HER UNTIL SHE WOULD BE FIT FOR MARITAL RELATIONS-THREE YEARS-AND THEN MARRIED HER .— [From Gen. Rabbah 57:1] Isaac was 40 when he married Rebekah (Genesis 25:20). Isaac’s birth required a miracle (see Genesis 11:30; 17:15-22), as did Jesus’ (see Luke 1:26-38). So you have two traditions, one where she is 14 and one where she is 3. Learn how your comment data is processed. 19 Then God said, “Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Daniel // it is difficult to believe Rebecca was three as a three year old baby cannot talk expressively and cannot go to the stream to fetch water not to talk of taking care of cattle.//. “How old was Isaac at the time of this event? 11 But the angel of the Lord called out to him from heaven, “Abraham! “Rabbi Shim’on said And Izhak (Isaac) said, It is right that I should inherit what is the father’s, because I am the son of Sarah his wife, and thou art the son of Hagar the handmaid of my mother. You may want to visit poor countries where girls from the age of 6 and onwards work, cook and clean from morning till night. A., PH. 16 The woman was very beautiful, a virgin; no man had ever slept with her. Eg Gen 11:10-24 many of them married at between 29 and 35. ———- Genesis Rabbah 56:8 suggests that Isaac was somewhere between thirty-five and thirty-seven years of age; see also Victor P. Hamilton, Handbook on the Pentateuch (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1982), 108; Bruce R. McConkie, The Mortal Messiah (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1979-81), 1: 364. ; Tanna debe Eliyahu R. Keil thought he was a young man; and Kline thought he was a strong man. I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her.” Isaac was 37 when his mother Sarah died. Therefore Strike Off Their Heads', Age of Consent in European & American History. Previously, God promised Abraham He would be the father of a great nation and the only way to pass this down was through Abraham’s son, Isaac Since Isaac was twenty-six years old at the time, and forty when he married Rebekah (Gen. 25:20), she was thus fourteen years old when she married (Seder Olam Rabbah 1). Thanks. One of such Muslim is Mustafa Ahmed. So Isaac was comforted after his mother's death. i hope you know how much water a camel can drink.. lol i wish you read bible first, before commenting to these kind of stuffs. The verses all looked together tells us that Isaac was 37-years-old when Rebecca was born. 14 So Abraham called that place The Lord Will Provide. Immediately following the account of the sacrifice on Mount Moriah is recorded the statement that Sarah died at the age of 127 (see Genesis 23:1). This very verse shows she was very young and not at an age where she can take care of herself. Daniel // I quite agree that Isaac was grown up, though I don’t agree with the age as being 37 at the time of sacrifice, because Gen 22:12 The Lord said “lay not your hand on the LAD or BOY,”//. The clues he gave were the mount Moria incident with Isaac, and the time of Sarah’s death and her age. This proves that Rebecca was born when Isaac was in his late 30s (37), just before the death of Sarah. “Josephus supposed that Isaac was now twenty-five; some Rabbis say that he was thirty-six; but it is MORE PROBABLE THAT HE WAS ABOUT THIRTY-THREE, the age at which his great Antitype was offered up.” At that time G’d had told him not to be afraid of any repercussions. ‘And it came to pass after,’ after the lowest of all the higher spheres. In order to find Rebecca’s age of marriage, we have to delve into the Bible itself. This however is not the general opinion. 16 And the damsel was very fair to look upon, a virgin, neither had any man known her: and she went down to the well, and filled her pitcher, and came up. 8 Abraham answered, “God himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” And the two of them went on together. So in Genesis 24, we have a three year old wandering alone during the day, unattended, possessing the size and strength to draw water from a well and carry enough to provide drink for several camels, AND possessing the linguistic and intellectual capacities sufficient to have a complex conversation with a stranger about family lineage. “Isaac was thirty-seven-years old at his binding… When Abraham returned from Mount Moriah, at that very moment Sarah died, and Isaac was then thirty-seven; and at that very time Abraham was told of Rebekah’s birth; “Then they said, “Let’s call the young woman and ask her about it.” 58 So they called Rebekah and asked her, “Will you go with this man?” “I will go,” she said. “…Rabbins that he was thirty-six; but IT IS MORE PROBABLE THAT HE WAS NOW ABOUT THIRTY-THREE, the age at which his great Antitype was offered up; and on this medium I have ventured to construct the chronology, of which I think it necessary to give this notice to the reader.” (The Holy Bible, Old And New Testaments. Is that what I’m reading here?? “For the merit of Isaac who offered himself upon the altar, the Holy One, blessed be He, will hereafter raise the dead” (Pesikta Rab. The age most appropriate to assign to her, in line with historical evidence of girls being married off, is that she was below the age of 10-years old . And he set the wood in order upon it, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. Given how long it took for news to travel back in those days, Rebecca could very well have been on the verge of adulthood. Rebecca was born straight after the mount Moria incident, when Isaac was thirty-seven years old. Immediately following the account of the sacrifice on Mount Moriah is recorded the statement that Sarah died at the age of 127 (see Genesis 23:1). Tap the title above, next to the arrow, to go to that page, with a link back to this page. Rashi a well-known respected Jewish Scholar, 1040 – 1105 AD), comments on Rebecca’s age of marriage: “1. Isaac was then thirty-seven years old, for at that time Sarah died, and from the time that Isaac was born until the “Binding” [of Isaac], when Sarah died, were thirty-seven years, for she was ninety years old when Isaac was born, and one hundred and twenty-seven when she died, as it is stated (above 23:1): “The life of Sarah was [a hundred and twenty-seven years.”] This makes Isaac thirty-seven years old, and at that time, Rebecca was born. THEREFORE ISAAC MUST THEN HAVE BEEN THIRTY-SEVEN YEARS OLD (Seder ‘Olam Rabbah, ed. The Book of jubilees shows that same age of 127 years (Jub 19:7). Also it says when she left to meet Isaac she jumped off the camel and and he took her into his tent and became his wife, interesting article. 87b; Gen. R. 1; Jas 21:1; Jub 15:17). You dont know how bog it was to drink from it . 10 Then he reached out his hand and took the knife to slay his son. We will endeavour to look into the account in Genesis a little closer, and see what appropriate age it gives for Rebecca when she was married off. The tradition takes certain events as happening at the same time. 11. Examples are found in 15,1 after Avraham had killed the four kings who had taken Lot captive. …” (The Old Testament Made Easier, Part One: Genesis through Exodus 24 [second edition] by David J. Ridges, page 233), “VII. “אשר אמר אליך, just as at the time when Avraham had been told to leave Charan and move to the Land of Canaan in 12,1 he had been told only to move to a country which G’d would specify later on. These events are: the binding of Isaac on the altar in Moriah (Genesis 22:9); Abraham informed of Rebekah’s birth (Genesis 22:20-23); and Sarah’s death aged 127 (Genesis 23:1-2). HE WAITED FOR HER UNTIL SHE WOULD BE FIT FOR MARITAL RELATIONS-THREE YEARS-AND THEN MARRIED HER.— [From Gen. Rabbah 57:1] [Retrieved it from this website: http://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/8220/showrashi/true%5D. (Genesis Chap. Here we must reflect: ‘Elohim tested Abraham.’ The verse should read: ‘tested Isaac,’ for, “… Isaac retorted: ‘All that thou didst lend to the Holy One, blessed be He, was three drops of blood. 60 And they blessed Rebekah and said to her.” – Genesis 24:57-60. This however is not the general opinion. Jash 24:40 And the young woman was of very comely appearance, she was a virgin, and Rebecca was ten years old in those days. 52 For amidst all that he has done he brought thee no offering; neither burnt offering nor peace offering, neither ox, lamb nor goat of all that he killed on the day that his son was weaned. The following scriptural facts are used to establish Rebekah’s age at her marriage to Isaac. 59 So they sent their sister, http://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/8220/showrashi/true%5D, 200 Thousand Christian Children Were Married Before 10 In India, Child marriage chart reveals girls can wed at 12 in some parts of the US, 1937: Homer Peel, 34, Kisses His 12-Year-Old Bride Geneva On The Steps Of A Tennessee Courthouse, 80% Halal, 0% Kosher Meat Stunned, BUT “Muslim Ignorance” Is The Headline, The road to Shur, the origin of the zamzam well? I think I did say that she could have been 10 years old. it is my opinion and proper understanding that rebekah was older then 3 years of age at which time she married isaac. Sometimes, scores or decades of years might have passed before another incident, except on some occasions where the scripture is specific on the timing. According to the Rabbis, the ‘aḳedah not only coincided with, but was the cause of the death of Sarah, who was informed of Abraham’s intention while he and Isaac were on the way to Mount Moriah. The Torah also mentions the impassioned prayers of Isaac on behalf of Rebecca, who was struggling with infertility [Gen. 25:21], as well as their lovemaking while in the land of Gerar [Gen. 26:8]. “As an example of how Isaac was a type for Christ, note that Isaac was the birthright son of a righteous father (see Genesis 21), as was Jesus (see D&C 93:21). The information Abraham got in Gen 22:20, did not specifically tell him that Rebecca was born that period, it gave him a general view of the account of his younger brother’s marital progress. What was the age of Rebecca when she was married off to Isaac? And Abraham stayed in Beersheba.” –, “20 Some time later Abraham was told, “Milkah is also a mother; she has borne sons to your brother Nahor: 21 Uz the firstborn, Buz his brother, Kemuel (the father of Aram), 22 Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph and Bethuel.” 23. Unless the counting of years was different as today;or people grew up in supernatural manner. The Old Testament does not give enough detail to indicate exactly how old Isaac was at the time of this event, but it is very likely that he was an adult. Five verses down after Abraham and Isaac’s incident of sacrifice, we are told Rebecca was born: “20 Some time later Abraham was told, “Milkah is also a mother; she has borne sons to your brother Nahor: 21 Uz the firstborn, Buz his brother, Kemuel (the father of Aram), 22 Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph and Bethuel.” 23 BETHUEL BECAME THE FATHER OF REBEKAH. Because that is exactly what you are eluding to, your assuming that just because Abraham learned of his expanding family tree on that particular day, that Rebecca must have been born on the that day for being merely mentioned with the others. Abraham!”, 12 “Do not lay a hand on the boy,” he said. Your mathematics is faulty. She became his wife, and he loved her. Coffman’s Commentaries on the Bible agrees with Adam Clarke’s statement on Isaac’s age: “How old was Isaac at the time of this event? According to Rabbis in medieval history, she was no older than three 3-years-old. “We have learned that the expression ‘And it came to pass in the days of denotes sorrow, while the expression ‘And it came to pass’ even with ‘in the days of’ is still tinged with sorrow. Isaac was married to Rebecca when he was 40-years-old (Genesis 25:20). As a result of Avraham’s high-handed action. Rebekah’s brother Laban and her mother also asked Rebekah to confirm her willingness. Hi, Geloga. 3 Early the next morning Abraham got up and loaded his donkey. Instead, we are delighted with a detailed story of how they first met. But I am puzzled : we read that Rebecca offered to water the camels of Abrahamvs servant, can a child of 3 years old be sent to fetch water? He bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. God eventua… So she became his wife, and he loved her; and Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death. Willis thought he was about twelve, but that is taken care of by the same load of wood. He took with him two of his servants and his son Isaac. Are we to presume that Milcah gave birth to octuplets? The merits of Isaac’s submission were regarded as abounding to the credit of the whole race; e.g. 16 I will bless her and will surely give you a son by her. Rebekah must be some very special 2- 3 year old. The following passage from the Targum of Palestine is a good example of Haggadah (i.e. Thus they became man and wife. Does that make sense to you ?. “The Jews implore the mercy of God by the sacrifice of Isaac, as Christians by the sacrifice of Christ” (Mayor, Ep. But these last two inferences are spurious, because they are based not on what the scripture says in Genesis 22 and 23, but rather what is said in non-biblical tradition. JPS Tanakh 1917 ’Elohiim tested Abraham.’ The Deviser of Evil came to accuse him in the presence of the Blessed Holy One. Isaac was forty years old when he married Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel, the Aramean from Paddan-aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. ‘Elohim tested Abraham.’ The verse should read: ‘tested Isaac,’ for ISAAC WAS ALREADY THIRTY-SEVEN YEARS OLD and his father was no longer responsible for him. “According to Jose ben Zimra, the idea of tempting Abraham was suggested by Satan who said, ‘Lord of the Universe! Since Sarah gave birth to Isaac at 90 (or 91), Isaac would have been around 36 (or 37) when her mother had died.  A non-Biblical source, The book Jasher 22:53 says that she was 10-years-old when Rebecca was married off to Isaac: Isaac prayed for Rebekah because she was barren. Importantly, Abraham is absent from the narrative. Rabbi Tobiah Ben Eliezer (1050 – 1108 AD) also confirms that she was 3-years-old when she was married to Isaac: “Isaac was thirty-seven-years old at his binding… When Abraham returned from Mount Moriah, at that very moment Sarah died, and Isaac was then thirty-seven; and at that very time Abraham was told of Rebekah’s birth; THUS WE FIND THAT REBECCA … We will worship and then we will come back to you.”6 Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and placed it on his son Isaac, and he himself carried the fire and the knife. (ZOHAR: The Book of Enlightenment [Translation and Introduction by Daniel Chanan Matt, Preface by Arthur Green, Paulist Press, 1983], page 71 – 72), “… Isaac retorted: ‘All that thou didst lend to the Holy One, blessed be He, was three drops of blood. “Do not do anything to him. And Izhak (Isaac) said, It is right that I should inherit what is the father’s, because I am the son of Sarah his wife, and thou art the son of Hagar the handmaid of my mother. | The Hub 1837. And the presence of the words “after these things or sometimes later”, suggest that some years must have passed. The second reason why G’d worded the instructions in the manner in which the Torah records them, is to teach us that the site where this binding eventually took place is such a holy site; moreover after Avraham named the site, we know that it is one where the attribute of Justice may be changed to the attribute of Mercy due to the manner in which man relates to G’d’s commands. Isaac was born 15 years later. According to the traditional counting cited by Rashi, Isaac was 37 years old at the time of the Binding of Isaac. Some would make him only a little over three years of age, but the ability to carry an ass-load of wood up a mountain refutes that idea. be careful when establishing facts that are as vases without water when going to a well to draw. As the two of them went on together, 7 Isaac spoke up and said to his father Abraham, “Father?” For one, she’s reported as fetching water for ten camels on her own. Isaac was 40 when he married Rebekah, but was Rebekah only 3 years old when Isaac married her?