Humans, for instance, have 46 chromosomes in a typical body cell, while dogs have 78. They are made of one DNA molecule and protein. The short arm of the chromosome is labeled the “p arm.” The long arm of the chromosome is labeled the “q arm.” The location of the centromere on each chromosome gives the chromosome its characteristic shape, and can … Karyotypes are pictures of chromosomes. Each species has its own characteristic number of chromosomes. Chromosomes are located within the nucleus of our cells.They are paired … This unique structure of chromosome keeps DNA tightly packed with histone proteins to fit inside the cell and it also helps in giving more stability to it. In most organisms, one chromosome is inherited from the mother and the other is inherited from the father; to ensure that offspring carry traits from both parents. Chromosomes. A karyotype, like this karyotype of a human, can teach us several things about chromosomes. According to the position of centromere, Types of chromosomes based on function. Chromosomes are filamentous bodies which are typically present in the nucleus and become visible during cell division. They contain all hereditary information to determine a person's traits, ranging from hair color to height. They also don't have any genetic information. Telomeres function to protect the ends of chromosomes. Condensed chromatin fibers form chromosomes. It's crucial that certain cells, like reproductive cells, have the correct number of chromosomes in order to function properly. Chromosome Structure and Function A chromosome is a structure that almost looks like thread. For starters, notice that there are two copies of each chromosome. A chromosome is a long, stringy aggregate of genes that carries heredity information and is formed from condensed chromatin.Chromatin is composed of DNA and proteins that are tightly packed together to form chromatin fibers. Meaning of Chromosomes: Chromosomes are the most important constituents of the nucleus and were first observed by Holfmeister (1848) in pollen mother cell of Tradescantia and called it nuclear filaments. Scientists have given this name chromosomes as they are stained using specific dyes, chroma means colour and soma means body. In plant and animal cells, it is found within the nucleus. Functions 6. Like many species of animals and plants, humans are diploid (2n), meaning that most of their chromosomes come in matched sets known as homologous pairs. This comes in … Properties of Chromosomes. Chromosome cytoplasm and plasmid and its function with detail Chromosomes are essential for the process of cell division, replication, division, and creation of daughter cells. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. There are two basic types based on function as. Halocentric chromosome: In these chromosomes, the entire length of acts as centromere. Autosome; Sex chromosomes. 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